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Exim --- Mailserver empfängt keine Mails

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  • Exim --- Mailserver empfängt keine Mails

    ich habe folgendes problem.Ich hab Exim installiert und Mails verschicken läuft einwandfrei alledings empfange ich extern keine Mails obwohl das lokal ganz gut klappt.

    Ich hab den MX eintrag beim meinem Domainserver mx0.meinedomain.de
    und versuche von meinem gmxpostfach eine mail an meinem server zu senden.Anscheinend wird die Mail erfolgreich verschickt ! Es gibt weder Bounce Messages nboch irgendeine andere Daemon-Error nur es kommt keine Mail an !!!!

    Hat jemand eine Idee warunm das so ist?


  • #2
    habe mal gelesen... das es bis zu einem tag dauern kann, bis alle mitbekommen haben das da ein neuer server on ist.... vielleicht wäre ein auszug deiner exim.conf nicht schlecht
    Gruß
    Hekto

    Kommentar


    • #3
      hallo hekto
      danke für deine Antwort! ich glaube das kann nicht an dem MX Eintrag liegen, da ich beim externen Versand zB von GMX zu meinem Server keine Fehler bekommen! Es komtm nur nichts an.Sosnt wenn der Host meine IP nicht findet, müsste er ja eine Bounce Message schicken, und das istn icht der Fall.

      Hier ist miene exim.conf Datei, vielleicht kann es helfen.

      ################################################## ####################
      # Runtime configuration file for Exim #
      ################################################## ####################

      # This is a default configuration file which will operate correctly in
      # uncomplicated installations. Please see the manual for a complete list
      # of all the runtime configuration options that can be included in a
      # configuration file. There are many more than are mentioned here. The
      # manual is in the file doc/spec.txt in the Exim distribution as a plain
      # ASCII file. Other formats (PostScript, Texinfo, HTML, PDF) are available
      # from the Exim ftp sites. The manual is also online at the Exim web sites.


      # This file is divided into several parts, all but the first of which are
      # headed by a line starting with the word "begin". Only those parts that
      # are required need to be present. Blank lines, and lines starting with #
      # are ignored.


      ########### IMPORTANT ########## IMPORTANT ########### IMPORTANT ###########
      # #
      # Whenever you change Exim's configuration file, you *must* remember to #
      # HUP the Exim daemon, because it will not pick up the new configuration #
      # until you do. However, any other Exim processes that are started, for #
      # example, a process started by an MUA in order to send a message, will #
      # see the new configuration as soon as it is in place. #
      # #
      # You do not need to HUP the daemon for changes in auxiliary files that #
      # are referenced from this file. They are read every time they are used. #
      # #
      # It is usually a good idea to test a new configuration for syntactic #
      # correctness before installing it (for example, by running the command #
      # "exim -C /config/file.new -bV"). #
      # #
      ########### IMPORTANT ########## IMPORTANT ########### IMPORTANT ###########



      ################################################## ####################
      # MAIN CONFIGURATION SETTINGS #
      ################################################## ####################

      # Specify your host's canonical name here. This should normally be the fully
      # qualified "official" name of your host. If this option is not set, the
      # uname() function is called to obtain the name. In many cases this does
      # the right thing and you need not set anything explicitly.

      primary_hostname =


      # The next three settings create two lists of domains and one list of hosts.
      # These lists are referred to later in this configuration using the syntax
      # +local_domains, +relay_to_domains, and +relay_from_hosts, respectively. They
      # are all colon-separated lists:

      domainlist local_domains = datingfloor.de
      domainlist virtual_domains = /etc/exim/maps/virtual_domains
      domainlist all_local_domains = +virtual_domains : +local_domains

      domainlist relay_to_domains =
      hostlist relay_from_hosts = 127.0.0.1 : 217.110.96.198


      # Most straightforward access control requirements can be obtained by
      # appropriate settings of the above options. In more complicated situations, you
      # may need to modify the Access Control List (ACL) which appears later in this
      # file.

      # The first setting specifies your local domains, for example:
      #
      # domainlist local_domains = my.first.domain : my.second.domain
      #
      # You can use "@" to mean "the name of the local host", as in the default
      # setting above. This is the name that is specified by primary_hostname,
      # as specified above (or defaulted). If you do not want to do any local
      # deliveries, remove the "@" from the setting above. If you want to accept mail
      # addressed to your host's literal IP address, for example, mail addressed to
      # "user@[192.168.23.44]", you can add "@[]" as an item in the local domains
      # list. You also need to uncomment "allow_domain_literals" below. This is not
      # recommended for today's Internet.

      # The second setting specifies domains for which your host is an incoming relay.
      # If you are not doing any relaying, you should leave the list empty. However,
      # if your host is an MX backup or gateway of some kind for some domains, you
      # must set relay_to_domains to match those domains. For example:
      #
      # domainlist relay_to_domains = *.myco.com : my.friend.org
      #
      # This will allow any host to relay through your host to those domains.
      # See the section of the manual entitled "Control of relaying" for more
      # information.

      # The third setting specifies hosts that can use your host as an outgoing relay
      # to any other host on the Internet. Such a setting commonly refers to a
      # complete local network as well as the localhost. For example:
      #
      # hostlist relay_from_hosts = 127.0.0.1 : 192.168.0.0/16
      #
      # The "/16" is a bit mask (CIDR notation), not a number of hosts. Note that you
      # have to include 127.0.0.1 if you want to allow processes on your host to send
      # SMTP mail by using the loopback address. A number of MUAs use this method of
      # sending mail.


      # All three of these lists may contain many different kinds of item, including
      # wildcarded names, regular expressions, and file lookups. See the reference
      # manual for details. The lists above are used in the access control list for
      # incoming messages. The name of this ACL is defined here:

      acl_smtp_rcpt = acl_check_rcpt

      # You should not change that setting until you understand how ACLs work.


      # Specify the domain you want to be added to all unqualified addresses
      # here. An unqualified address is one that does not contain an "@" character
      # followed by a domain. For example, "caesar@rome.example" is a fully qualified
      # address, but the string "caesar" (i.e. just a login name) is an unqualified
      # email address. Unqualified addresses are accepted only from local callers by
      # default. See the recipient_unqualified_hosts option if you want to permit
      # unqualified addresses from remote sources. If this option is not set, the
      # primary_hostname value is used for qualification.

      # qualify_domain =


      # If you want unqualified recipient addresses to be qualified with a different
      # domain to unqualified sender addresses, specify the recipient domain here.
      # If this option is not set, the qualify_domain value is used.

      # qualify_recipient =


      # The following line must be uncommented if you want Exim to recognize
      # addresses of the form "user@[10.11.12.13]" that is, with a "domain literal"
      # (an IP address) instead of a named domain. The RFCs still require this form,
      # but it makes little sense to permit mail to be sent to specific hosts by
      # their IP address in the modern Internet. This ancient format has been used
      # by those seeking to abuse hosts by using them for unwanted relaying. If you
      # really do want to support domain literals, uncomment the following line, and
      # see also the "domain_literal" router below.

      # allow_domain_literals


      # No deliveries will ever be run under the uids of these users (a colon-
      # separated list). An attempt to do so causes a panic error to be logged, and
      # the delivery to be deferred. This is a paranoic safety catch. Note that the
      # default setting means you cannot deliver mail addressed to root as if it
      # were a normal user. This isn't usually a problem, as most sites have an alias
      # for root that redirects such mail to a human administrator.

      never_users = root


      # The setting below causes Exim to do a reverse DNS lookup on all incoming
      # IP calls, in order to get the true host name. If you feel this is too
      # expensive, you can specify the networks for which a lookup is done, or
      # remove the setting entirely.

      host_lookup = *


      # The settings below, which are actually the same as the defaults in the
      # code, cause Exim to make RFC 1413 (ident) callbacks for all incoming SMTP
      # calls. You can limit the hosts to which these calls are made, and/or change
      # the timeout that is used. If you set the timeout to zero, all RFC 1413 calls
      # are disabled. RFC 1413 calls are cheap and can provide useful information
      # for tracing problem messages, but some hosts and firewalls have problems
      # with them. This can result in a timeout instead of an immediate refused
      # connection, leading to delays on starting up an SMTP session.

      rfc1413_hosts = *
      rfc1413_query_timeout = 30s


      # By default, Exim expects all envelope addresses to be fully qualified, that
      # is, they must contain both a local part and a domain. If you want to accept
      # unqualified addresses (just a local part) from certain hosts, you can specify
      # these hosts by setting one or both of
      #
      # sender_unqualified_hosts =
      # recipient_unqualified_hosts =
      #
      # to control sender and recipient addresses, respectively. When this is done,
      # unqualified addresses are qualified using the settings of qualify_domain
      # and/or qualify_recipient (see above).


      # If you want Exim to support the "percent hack" for certain domains,
      # uncomment the following line and provide a list of domains. The "percent
      # hack" is the feature by which mail addressed to x%y@z (where z is one of
      # the domains listed) is locally rerouted to x@y and sent on. If z is not one
      # of the "percent hack" domains, x%y is treated as an ordinary local part. This
      # hack is rarely needed nowadays; you should not enable it unless you are sure
      # that you really need it.
      #
      # percent_hack_domains =
      #
      # As well as setting this option you will also need to remove the test
      # for local parts containing % in the ACL definition below.


      # When Exim can neither deliver a message nor return it to sender, it "freezes"
      # the delivery error message (aka "bounce message"). There are also other
      # circumstances in which messages get frozen. They will stay on the queue for
      # ever unless one of the following options is set.

      # This option unfreezes frozen bounce messages after two days, tries
      # once more to deliver them, and ignores any delivery failures.

      ignore_bounce_errors_after = 2d

      # This option cancels (removes) frozen messages that are older than a week.

      timeout_frozen_after = 7d



      ################################################## ####################
      # ACL CONFIGURATION #
      # Specifies access control lists for incoming SMTP mail #
      ################################################## ####################

      begin acl

      # This access control list is used for every RCPT command in an incoming
      # SMTP message. The tests are run in order until the address is either
      # accepted or denied.

      acl_check_rcpt:

      # Accept if the source is local SMTP (i.e. not over TCP/IP). We do this by
      # testing for an empty sending host field.

      accept hosts = :

      # Deny if the local part contains @ or % or / or | or !. These are rarely
      # found in genuine local parts, but are often tried by people looking to
      # circumvent relaying restrictions.

      # Also deny if the local part starts with a dot. Empty components aren't
      # strictly legal in RFC 2822, but Exim allows them because this is common.
      # However, actually starting with a dot may cause trouble if the local part
      # is used as a file name (e.g. for a mailing list).

      deny local_parts = ^.*[@%!/|] : ^\\.

      # Accept mail to postmaster in any local domain, regardless of the source,
      # and without verifying the sender.

      accept local_parts = postmaster
      domains = + all_local_domains

      # Deny unless the sender address can be verified.

      require verify = sender

      ################################################## ###########################
      # There are no checks on DNS "black" lists because the domains that contain
      # these lists are changing all the time. However, here are two examples of
      # how you could get Exim to perform a DNS black list lookup at this point.
      # The first one denies, while the second just warns.
      #
      # deny message = rejected because $sender_host_address is in a black list at $dnslist_domain\n$dnslist_text
      # dnslists = black.list.example
      #
      # warn message = X-Warning: $sender_host_address is in a black list at $dnslist_domain
      # log_message = found in $dnslist_domain
      # dnslists = black.list.example
      ################################################## ###########################

      # Accept if the address is in a local domain, but only if the recipient can
      # be verified. Otherwise deny. The "endpass" line is the border between
      # passing on to the next ACL statement (if tests above it fail) or denying
      # access (if tests below it fail).

      accept domains = +all_local_domains
      endpass
      message = unknown user
      verify = recipient

      # Accept if the address is in a domain for which we are relaying, but again,
      # only if the recipient can be verified.

      accept domains = +relay_to_domains
      endpass
      message = unrouteable address
      verify = recipient

      # If control reaches this point, the domain is neither in +local_domains
      # nor in +relay_to_domains.

      # Accept if the message comes from one of the hosts for which we are an
      # outgoing relay. Recipient verification is omitted here, because in many
      # cases the clients are dumb MUAs that don't cope well with SMTP error
      # responses. If you are actually relaying out from MTAs, you should probably
      # add recipient verification here.

      accept hosts = +relay_from_hosts

      # Accept if the message arrived over an authenticated connection, from
      # any host. Again, these messages are usually from MUAs, so recipient
      # verification is omitted.

      accept authenticated = *

      # Reaching the end of the ACL causes a "deny", but we might as well give
      # an explicit message.

      deny message = relay not permitted



      ################################################## ####################
      # ROUTERS CONFIGURATION #
      # Specifies how addresses are handled #
      ################################################## ####################
      # THE ORDER IN WHICH THE ROUTERS ARE DEFINED IS IMPORTANT! #
      # An address is passed to each router in turn until it is accepted. #
      ################################################## ####################

      begin routers

      dnslookup:
      driver = dnslookup
      domains = ! +all_local_domains
      transport = remote_smtp
      ignore_target_hosts = 0.0.0.0 : 127.0.0.0/8
      no_more

      virtual_localuser:
      driver = accept
      condition = ${if eq {}{${lookup{$local_part}lsearch{/etc/exim/virtual/${domain}/passwd}}}{no}{yes}}
      retry_use_local_part
      transport = virtual_localdelivery

      virtual_alias:
      driver = redirect
      allow_defer
      allow_fail
      data = ${lookup{$local_part}lsearch*{/etc/exim/virtual/${domain}/aliases}}
      qualify_preserve_domain
      retry_use_local_part
      user = mail


      system_aliases:
      driver = redirect
      allow_fail
      allow_defer
      data = ${lookup{$local_part}lsearch{/etc/aliases}}
      # user = exim
      file_transport = address_file
      pipe_transport = address_pipe


      userforward:
      driver = redirect
      check_local_user
      file = $home/.forward
      no_verify
      no_expn
      check_ancestor
      # allow_filter
      file_transport = address_file
      pipe_transport = address_pipe
      reply_transport = address_reply


      # This router matches local user mailboxes.

      localuser:
      driver = accept
      check_local_user
      transport = local_delivery



      ################################################## ####################
      # TRANSPORTS CONFIGURATION #
      ################################################## ####################
      # ORDER DOES NOT MATTER #
      # Only one appropriate transport is called for each delivery. #
      ################################################## ####################

      # A transport is used only when referenced from a router that successfully
      # handles an address.

      begin transports

      virtual_localdelivery:
      driver = appendfile
      create_directory
      directory_mode = 700
      file = /var/spool/virtual/${domain}/${local_part}
      group = mail
      headers_remove = "Bcc"
      mode = 660
      quota = ${lookup{$local_part@${domain}}lsearch*{/etc/exim/maps/quotafile}{$value}{10M}}
      quota_warn_message = "\
      To: $local_part@$domain\n\
      Subject: Your mailbox\n\n\
      This message is automatically created \
      by mail delivery software.\n\n\
      The size of your mailbox has exceeded \
      a warning threshold that is\n\n\
      set by the system administrator.\n\n\
      Die Nachricht wurde automisch erstellt.\n\
      Ihre Mailbox hat 75% der Maximalen Grösse erreicht!\n\
      Bitte rufen Sie alle Emails vom Server \
      bzw. löschen sie einige.\n\n"

      quota_warn_threshold = 75%
      user = mail

      remote_smtp:
      driver = smtp
      headers_remove = "X-List:Bcc"

      local_delivery:
      driver = appendfile
      file = /var/spool/mail/$local_part
      delivery_date_add
      envelope_to_add
      return_path_add
      # group = mail
      # mode = 0660


      # This transport is used for handling pipe deliveries generated by alias or
      # .forward files. If the pipe generates any standard output, it is returned
      # to the sender of the message as a delivery error. Set return_fail_output
      # instead of return_output if you want this to happen only when the pipe fails
      # to complete normally. You can set different transports for aliases and
      # forwards if you want to - see the references to address_pipe in the routers
      # section above.

      address_pipe:
      driver = pipe
      return_output


      # This transport is used for handling deliveries directly to files that are
      # generated by aliasing or forwarding.

      address_file:
      driver = appendfile
      delivery_date_add
      envelope_to_add
      return_path_add


      # This transport is used for handling autoreplies generated by the filtering
      # option of the userforward router.

      address_reply:
      driver = autoreply



      ################################################## ####################
      # RETRY CONFIGURATION #
      ################################################## ####################

      begin retry

      # This single retry rule applies to all domains and all errors. It specifies
      # retries every 15 minutes for 2 hours, then increasing retry intervals,
      # starting at 1 hour and increasing each time by a factor of 1.5, up to 16
      # hours, then retries every 6 hours until 4 days have passed since the first
      # failed delivery.

      # Domain Error Retries
      # ------ ----- -------

      * * F,2h,15m; G,16h,1h,1.5; F,4d,6h



      ################################################## ####################
      # REWRITE CONFIGURATION #
      ################################################## ####################

      # There are no rewriting specifications in this default configuration file.

      begin rewrite



      ################################################## ####################
      # AUTHENTICATION CONFIGURATION #
      ################################################## ####################

      # There are no authenticator specifications in this default configuration file.

      begin authenticators
      fixed_plain:
      driver = plaintext
      public_name = PLAIN
      server_condition = "\
      # $2 = Username | $3 = password
      ${if and {{!eq{$2}{}}{!eq{$3}{}} \
      {eq{$3}{${extract{1}{:} \
      {${lookup{$2}lsearch{/etc/exim/auth}{$value}{*:*}}}}}}}{1}{0}}"
      server_set_id = $2

      login_plain:
      driver = plaintext
      public_name = LOGIN
      server_prompts = "Username:: : Password::"
      server_condition = "\
      # $1 = Username | $2 = password
      ${if and {{!eq{$1}{}}{!eq{$2}{}} \
      {eq{$2}{${extract{1}{:} \
      {${lookup{$1}lsearch{/etc/exim/auth}{$value}{*:*}}}}}}}{1}{0}}"
      server_set_id = $1




      # End of Exim configuration file

      Kommentar


      • #4
        Danke Hektor es hat sich shcon geklärt funktioniert einwandfrei Fehler war falscher MX Eintrag in der Domain

        Kommentar


        • #5
          welcher ist denn jetzt der richtige?

          Kommentar

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